Here are 5 things you should know.
1. Under the US Labor Law, 100% of tips have to be paid to workers. It’s illegal for employers to take your tips.
There are state laws still in existence that say the employer can confiscate tips if they pay you a direct minimum wage. The federal law prohibiting this went into effect in April 2021. So these state laws are obsolete and unenforceable.
The employer is totally prohibited from confiscating or dipping into tip money. They can deduct card fees used to send tips, or if they operate a tip pool they can pool all tips and pay them out later, but overall 100% of tips have to be paid to workers.
It’s illegal for employers, managers, supervisors, and HR, to take any tip money or use tip money to pay for property damage, stolen meals, uniforms, PPE, missing cash from registers, etc. Tip pools can’t be used to pay managerial staff, but they can be used to pay backroom workers like cooks.
An employer cannot keep employees’ tips under any circumstances; managers and supervisors also may not keep tips received by employees, including through tip pools.
Section 3(m)(2)(B) prohibits employers, regardless of whether they take a tip credit, from keeping tips, “including allowing managers or supervisors to keep any portion of employees’ tips.” 29 U.S.C. 203(m)(2)(B). The prohibition applies to managers or supervisors obtaining employees’ tips directly or indirectly, such as via a tip pool. To clarify which employees qualify as managers or supervisors for purposes of section 3(m)(2)(B), the 2019 NPRM proposed § 531.52(b)(2), which would codify the Department’s current enforcement policy under FAB No. 2018-3 (Apr. 6, 2018).
Note that Federal law supersedes state law. Also under NLRB laws, workers cannot waiver their labor rights, and any policies, handbooks, or contracts that say they can take your tips are illegal. You can’t legally agree to forfeit tips to your employer.
If the employer takes your tips or introduces policies or conditions of employment saying that they can take your tips, file a complaint with the Department of Labor.
Complaints are investigated by the Department. If they find the employer did something illegal, they will prosecute it themselves, fine the company, and force them to pay lost wages plus interest to you. You don’t need a lawyer unless you have massive damages you need to get back (like if you missed paying medical bills because they were stealing tips). You may also consider filing a class-action lawsuit if the practice was pervasive across the company, like if a franchise was stealing tips at hundreds of their stores.
2. Here’s why cats are never on the right side of a closed door.
When cats are meowing or pawing at a door, they more often than not are asking you to open the door and leave it open. They might not want to travel outside (or inside) the room, but they prefer not to have any of their territories blocked off. If you let them through and close it again, they’ll often just do the same routine from the other side of the door no matter which side you put them on.
3. Mangos are in the Poison Ivy family.
Most people are allergic to urushiol oil found in poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, and mangos. The oil can cause painful, itchy, and weeping rashes and wounds that can be very serious. While many people know to steer clear of the poisonous plants, they might not know that they should handle mangos with caution.
If you’re picking mangos, wear gloves and long sleeves. If you rinse them thoroughly before eating, you should be in the clear.
Be careful around mango.
4. Mother dogs move their puppies when they don’t feel secure, not to “show them off”.
There are so many videos of mother dogs bringing their puppies out to “show them off” to an owner, I guess people think this is normal, but it indicates anxiety.
If your dog has puppies and she moves them out of the whelping box, she does not like her whelping box. Yes, it’s adorable that she trusts you to be a safe place, but ideally, she has her own comfy safe space where she can leave her puppies without stressing out.
When you see videos of this happening, it isn’t a happy mama being proud, it’s a stressed mama asking for help.
Regardless, conclusions can be drawn about typical (mother dog) behavior, deviations from it, and possible causes. This book, Canine Behavior: Insights and Answers (Chapter 6, Maternal Behavior), ties together many different studies to form its conclusions – one of which is the following:
During the first week, the b***h hardly leaves the puppies. By 2 weeks postpartum, she will remain outside the nest for 2 or 3 hours… She will rest with the puppies, a behavior that helps offspring maintain body temperature which they are incapable of doing on their own.
During the first few weeks, the b***h is insistent that the puppies remain where they were whelped… She will retrieve the entire litter if they have been moved [from the whelping location]. Such behavior…minimizes the attraction of predators…and avoid wasting energy resources.
So typically dams are eager to minimize dangers and avoid wasting energy by insisting that puppies remain where they were whelped.
In this article (Section 6, Abnormal Maternal Behaviors) the authors note that anxious dams leave the nest more frequently. They also note that repeatedly removing puppies from the nest is an indication of rejection behavior – the dam may perceive that something is wrong with the puppy or may have determined that the nest is not secure/warm/clean enough to maintain the puppy.
Leaving the nest in the first few weeks (besides urinating or defecating) usually indicates an anxious dam. Discomforts in the environment can add to the anxiety – high levels of anxious behavior (leaving the nest, unfocused on feeding/cleaning) can indicate that the dam is on the verge of rejecting her pups.
Since puppies cannot regulate their body temperature, removing them from the nest is not typical dam behavior. It seems to primarily occur when the risk of staying in the nest outweighs the risk of losing body temperature – since maintaining the right body temp is critical to keeping puppies alive, the dam is taking on a huge risk by moving them around.
5. Turning on your heater will lower your car’s oil and coolant temperatures.
With these record high temperatures, cars are more prone to overheating due to your radiator’s struggle to dissipate heat into the surrounding environment. As environmental temperatures climb, so does your engine and transmission’s fluid temperatures. If your car begins overheating, turning on your heater will help drop those temperatures to safer levels.
Also NEVER, NEVER, EVER open your radiator and/or coolant reservoir caps if the engine is warm. Pressurization will cause near-boiling fluid to shoot out, potentially badly burning you.